headdresses

Headdresses From Around The World

Headdresses From Around The World 

Headdresses from around the world and how they are used as culturally. The headdresses, head covering or headwrap is used to cover the entire head leaving the face uncovered. It is used to protect the head from the environment, fashion, social status, a form of modesty, religion, hide baldness or for special occasions.

Headwraps of African Women

head covering

In Africa, women wear head coverings such as the

    • Doek in South Africa and Namibia,
    • Duku in Malawi and Ghana,
    • Dhuku in Zimbabwe
    • Tukwi in Botswana
  • Gele in Nigeria

In Ghana women usually where the duku on religious days. Also, the Nigerian headwrap known as the gele is an elaborate large headdress. Typically they are worn to special events and ceremonies and weddings. The Gele is usually accompanied by traditional attire that may have the same pattern itself.

Mallawian women usually wear the duku to funerals and are traditionally considered conservative styled headwraps. Additionally, they may wear them as a source of protective headwear.

Shangaan women in Zimbabwe wear dhukus as a fashion accessory to complement there wardrobe.

Furthermore, African American women have a history of wearing similar African head wrap styles. Learn more here and here.

Head Coverings of Orthodox Jewish Women

Married Orthodox Jewish women where headwrap called tichel to cover their hair to promote modest dress under the religion Judaism.  

What is a tichel (headwrap)

“Tichel (Yiddish טיכל tikhl), also called a mitpachat (Hebrew מִטפַּחַת miṭpaḥat), is the Yiddish word for the headscarf worn by many married Orthodox Jewish women in compliance with the code of modesty known as tzniut, which requires married women to cover their hair.[1] Tichels can range from a simple plain color cotton kerchief tied in the back to elaborate head coverings using multiple fabrics and tying techniques.” (Source)

Video on 3 Fun Ways To Tie A Jewish Head Scarf

The Chinese Head Covering

head covering
Ming Dynasty phoenix crown with 3 dragons and 2 phoenixes

Fengguan (Chinese: 鳳冠; pinyin: fèngguān) is a traditional type of Chinese headgear for women. It was worn mainly by noblewomen during the Ming Dynasty for ceremonies or official occasions. It is also traditional headgear for brides.

Fengguan means “phoenix crown”, a name that originates from its adornments: phoenixes made of inlaid kingfisher feathers, as well as gold dragons, beaded pheasants, pearls, and other gemstones. One of the earliest phoenix crowns that have been excavated belonged to Empress Xiao of the Sui dynasty.[1] The type became most popular during the Ming Dynasty[citation needed], with many changes made over time. (Source) 

Learn more about Chinese headdress here

Southern Asia and Eastern Africa Head Covering

headdresses
Camila Batmanghelidjh wearing a turban and matching robe.

The term headdress, head covering or turban are used interchangeably and is worn by both men and women.  This article gives great info on why it is worn. Also, Islam women of this region wore hijab as a form of head covering for modesty and religion.  

A turban (from Persian دولبند‌, dulband; via Middle French turbant) is a type of head covering based on cloth winding. Featuring many variations, it is worn as customary headwear by men of various countries] Communities with prominent turban-wearing traditions can be found in the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, the Arabian Peninsula, the Middle East, Central Asia, North Africa and the Horn of Africa.
Wearing turbans is common among Sikhs, including women. The headgear also serves as a religious observance, including among Shia Muslims, who regard turban-wearing as Sunnah Mu’akkadah (confirmed tradition) (Source) 

South American Head Covering

head covering
Headdress, Guyana, 1886.1.907

“South American headdress  are made from bird feathers, however, are not usually part of

everyday dress. Feathers are acquired by rearing birds for their feathers, by hunting, or by trade. The production of headdresses is thus often expensive or labour-intensive, and the headdresses themselves are fragile and too delicate for daily use. Feathers are therefore frequently a status-symbol, worn on ceremonial or ritual occasions.

The most striking examples of feather headdresses come from the Amazon area of South America, from Hawaii and Papua New Guinea in the Pacific, and from Africa. The largest collection of headdresses on display in the Museum comes from South America, especially from Guyana.

Feathers are worn in South America at initiations, at funeral rituals, by shamans, for social visiting, to express group identity, to mark life stages, or to exercise political power. Feathers are used for these purposes for a number of reasons, not least because of their beautiful bright colours.” (Source)

Christianity Head Covering

Catholic, Amish, Mennonite, Greek, and Roman women head coverings. (Source)

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The Catholic Church required head covering for Catholic women in their 1917 Code of Canon Law. With the introduction of the ordinary form of the Catholic Mass at the Second Vatican Council in the early 1960s, many women stopped wearing their head coverings, and Protestant Churches soon followed. However, the Catholic Church’s 1917 head covering requirement was not abrogated until the 1983 Canon Law revision. In recent years, there has been a renewal of head covering within Catholicism, most especially from the post-Vatican II generation. As the holy tabernacle is veiled in every Catholic Church, women are veiling their dignity as the most beautiful creation of God. Even so, hats, scarves, hoods, mantillas, (a sheer lace veil) or even handkerchiefs adorn women’s heads within the Catholic Church and Russian Orthodox Church to this day. 

Amish and Mennonite women wear prayer coverings call Kapps that cover the back of the head. These women cover their hair for modesty reasons, as well as carrying out the words ordained in Scripture. Anabaptist women dress simply and modestly as a reflection of their humble lifestyle.

Outside of the Abrahamic faiths, ancient Greek and Roman women covered their heads in public as well. According to historian Lloyd Llewyn-Jones, women of the upper class covered their hair and folded the cloth behind their shoulders. Even full veiling of the head and face was commonplace. The purpose of veiling in this context was a “conscious extension of the house and was often referred to as tegidion, literally meaning “a little roof.” Veiling was thus an ingenious compromise; it allowed women to circulate in public while maintaining the house-bound existence that their society considered ideal.

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